GGU Alumna and Adjunct Kristin Henry featured in Politico story on War on Coal

By Prof. Alan Ramo

GGU alumna and adjunct Kristin Henry, senior attorney with Sierra Club’s Law Office in San Francisco, is featured in Politico’s May 26, 2015 special report Inside the War on Coal. The report describes in detail Sierra Club’s successful grass roots and legal strategy to phase out coal-fueled power in favor of renewables.

I am proud of Kristin’s excellent work.  It is a model for how environmental attorneys can use the courts to achieve progress on climate change.

Posted in Climate Change

Our Children’s Earth Foundation v. CARB: Accommodating the Inherent Flaws of the Offset Provisions Under California’s Cap and Trade Program.

By Collin McCarthy,  GGU 3rd Year Law Student

On February 23, 2015, the First District Court of Appeal delivered its opinion in Our Children’s Earth Foundation v. California Air Resources Board, affirming the Superior Court’s ruling and upholding the offset provisions within California’s Cap-and-Trade greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction program.   While the Court’s opinion is a thorough legal vindication of California’s approach to offsets, it raises fundamental policy issues that suggest the program may not be an effective tool for greenhouse gas reduction. Continue reading

Posted in Air and Environmental Justice, Climate Change

Black Mesa Water Coalition v. Jewell: The Ninth Circuit Defines Co-Party Entitlement to Fees Under an Administrative Fee-Award Provision

By Collin McCarthy, GGU 3rd Year Law Student

On January 26,2015, the Ninth Circuit issued a ruling on a question of first impression for the court: whether a party may recover fees under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act

(SMCRA) when its administrative challenge to a permit is declared moot as a result of a co-party’s success on a substantially similar motion for summary judgment. While the issue was not resolved in its entirety, the court concluded that such parties may be eligible to recover their fees and costs, provided they achieved some degree of success on the merits and made a substantial contribution to a full and fair determination of the issues. Significantly, although it remains uncertain exactly what amounts to a “substantial contribution” to a determination, it is clear that achieving “success on the merits” is not determined solely based on the captions and docket number attached to the motion granted. Continue reading

Posted in Land Use

Report by GGU and UC Berkeley Faculty Finds CPUC Ex Parte Rules Unusual and Needing Reform

By GGU Assoc. Prof. Deborah Behles

The California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) has an unusual way of doing business. Most state and federal regulatory agencies prohibit private, closed-door discussions with interested parties about contested matters (ex parte communications). The CPUC largely does not even  though it makes decisions affecting the welfare of Californians and the disposition of billions of dollars.  To the contrary, most commissioners and their advisors encourage such private meetings in all but the most judicial, “adjudicatory” cases. These ex parte conversations occur in proceedings that may have had many elements of a traditional judicial process including formal testimony, discovery, evidentiary hearings, and pleadings. The agency’s procedures and process is intended to ensure fair treatment for all effected parties, and the ultimate decision is required to be based solely on the public record in the proceeding. Nonetheless, interested parties communicate with decision-makers by phone and email, and socialize with those same decision-makers conferences and retreats.

This way of doing business has become awkward for the agency in the last few months, as stories have surfaced about various discussions of substantive issues in pending proceedings. In some instances, even the existing rules would have prohibited the conversations. In others, the rules allow them, but public notice should have been provided. As the revelations continue to mount, state and federal law enforcement agencies are investigating, legislation is being considered, and the CPUC is trying to figure out what changes in its protocols are in order. Continue reading

Posted in Uncategorized

New publication on Okinawa, Environmental Justice and Judicial Militarism

My new article on the Okinawa controversy over a US Marine base relocation that has stirred a new battle in San Francisco Federal District Court, and transformed Okinawa politics, is now available on Westlaw.   The full cite is:   Alan Ramo, GGU Professor of Law, U.S. Military Accountability For Extraterritorial Environmental Impacts: An Examination Of Okinawa, Environmental Justice, And Judicial Militarism, 28 Tul. Envtl. L.J. 53 (2014).  Here is the extract:

Local resistance to the relocation of a U.S. military base to a bay threatening an endangered sea mammal off the coast of the island of Okinawa raises important issues regarding the extraterritoriality of U.S. environmental laws, the role of the courts in reviewing military operations, and ultimately environmental justice. These issues are being played out in an island community that for centuries has tried to survive by balancing the great powers of China, Japan, and the United States. Okinawans now find themselves a minority subject to discrimination in Japan and still suffering from the impacts of the legacy of U.S. occupation and continued use of U.S. bases on their culture, economy, and environment.
Federal courts continue to inconsistently sort out the extraterritoriality of U.S. laws, including environmental laws. Already one federal court has applied the National Historical Preservation Act to this controversy in Okinawa. Strong arguments remain that the National Environmental Policy Act and the Endangered Species Act should also apply to the U.S. military’s actions in Okinawa. Although the modern United States Supreme Court has reversed earlier cases and given great deference to military operations, a form of judicial militarism, environmental justice demands and case law allows these environmental laws to shape U.S. military conduct on Okinawa and protect its environment.
Posted in Uncategorized

EPA Chief Seems Clueless on EJ Advocates’ Critique of Proposed Greenhouse Gas Power Plant Rule

By GGU Prof. Alan Ramo

A report of the October 1st meeting of the US Environmental Protection Agency’s National Environmental Justice Advisory Committee in Environment and Energy Publishing’s website caught my attention for two reasons.  First, in the October 2nd, 2014, article written by E&E reporter Robin Bravender, “Top brass on defense as environmental justice advocates slam climate rule”, EPA Chief Gina McCarthy reportedly acted “surprised” when a NEJAC member criticized the new EPA greenhouse gas power plant rule.  McCarthy apparently was not aware that her Environmental Justice office widely advertised a July 21, 2014, webinar entitled, “What’s at Stake:  Environmental Justice and the EPA’s Clean Power Plan.”  That webinar, sponsored by WEACT, featured a number of environmental justice advocates, including Brent Newell of the Center on Race, Poverty & the Environment, who roundly criticized aspects of the proposal.  (For webinar, go to and scroll down to “webinar.”) Continue reading

Posted in Air and Environmental Justice, Climate Change

New Paper on Community Gardens from GGU’s Progressive Cities Project

In Spring 2014 GGU, under the direction of Associate Professor Kathleen Morris, hosted a groundbreaking collaboration between cities seeking law and policy advice and GGU law students. In response to client questions, over several months our students produced wonderful law and policy papers that will be put to use in the real world.

One paper in particular caught our attention at CUEL as it fits within one of our themes of “Urban Greenspace.”  The paper is entitled, “Progressive Cities:  Models for Using Public Land for Community Gardens”, by Lynne Rose Maylath, and can be accessed on our Greenspace page here.  A related blog page from a few years ago on San Francisco’s efforts can be accessed here.

Posted in Urban Greenspace

Prof. Ramo On Twitter

GGU’s Prof. Ramo will post tweets on his account whenever the CUEL blog has a new post, or something exciting in environmental law is brewing.  He is at greenlaw@envirolawprof.

Posted in Uncategorized

Supreme Court OKs Calif. Low Carbon Fuel Standard

By Alan Ramo

The Supreme Court today refused to consider a petition requesting review of the Ninth Circuit’s approval of California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard.  The court provided no reasons.  See our blog on the En Banc decision upholding the standard.  It is a real win for one of the state’s most important climate change policies and for a more practical approach to the dormant commerce clause.  The decision should encourage the states to fashion innovative climate change policies in the absence of comprehensive federal policy, an explicit goal of the Ninth Circuit in its decision.

Posted in Air and Environmental Justice, Climate Change

California Reasonable Use Law, Frost Protection Diversions and Stranded Salmon

Paul Stanton Kibel, Professor, Golden Gate University School of Law

In California water law these days, there is increasingly talk about the reasonable use provisions of the California Constitution (Article X, Section 2) and the California Water Code (Section 275). These provisions provide that all water uses and methods of water diversion in California must be reasonable and cannot be wasteful. Due to disappointment with the effectiveness of such laws as the federal Clean Water Act and the federal Endangered Species Act in ensuring sufficient water is left for fisheries, some fishery advocates have proposed that the State Water Resources Control Board (State Water Board) rely more on California reasonable use law to maintain adequate instream flow.  A new decision now supports this view. Continue reading

Posted in Work on Water